Ukraine : école d'été en sciences sociales (2 au 9 juillet 2013) 2013-03-14
Pour la 5e année consécutive, une école d'été en sciences sociales est organisée en Ukraine en juillet prochain. Cette année, elle aura pour thème "Défier l'ordre établi: révolutions, réformes, transformations dans les contextes soviétique et postsoviétique" et se déroulera à Mykolaiv, ville portuaire au bord de la Mer Noire, au sud du pays.
Parmi les partenaires de l'école d'été, le CERCEC (EHESS), la Chaire d'études ukrainiennes à l'Université d'Ottawa, l'Université Paris Ouest Nanterre, l'école doctorale de l'Université Kiev-Mohyla, le Centre franco-biélorusse de sciences politiques, ainsi que l'Université Petro Mohyla de Mykolaiv.
"There is nothing more difficult to take in hand, more perilous to conduct, or more uncertain in its success, than to take the lead in the introduction of a new order of things." Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince, ch. 6
The countries of the former Socialist Bloc have repeatedly experienced throughout the last century the difficult, perilous and uncertain task Machiavelli warns us against. Building, managing and deconstructing socialist states and societies appears to be a circular process of radical social and economic transformation. Thus, collectivization, arguably one of the most ambitious attempts implemented by a state to alter the socio-economic order, can be been as a starting point for major crises such as famines, population displacement and deportation, and the disruption of the countryside. Perestroika, enacted as a response to the decline of the Soviet economy, served as a catalyst for painful transition processes in Central and Eastern Europe, the introduction of neoliberal reforms and steep rise of social inequalities. Similarly, Soviet informal practices have been interpreted both as a reaction to the deep economic crisis of the late 1980s and as constituting a major cause of yet another crisis, the failure of the rule of state and economic transition.
These challenges to the social order have had seminal political consequences, such as Soviet industrialization and the rise of Stalinism, the post-war establishment of Communist rule in Central Europe, the Cuban missile crisis in 1962, the introduction of political pluralism under perestroika, the August 1991 putsch and the collapse of the Soviet Union, shock therapy, the 1998 financial crises in Russia, the colored revolutions and the return of authoritarianism.
The Summer School seeks to examine these moments of disruption of the existing social order when state and society are challenged in their institutions, rules, values and principles. Topics under consideration include:
• the causes and dynamics of revolution, reform and transformation
• mobilization, protest and rebellion
• the management of social or political crisis
• the production of new norms (informal, legal, economic, political)
• the impact of dominant economic models
• the management of the past: transitional justice, lustration, the politics of memory
• how individuals and groups adapt to a new social order: career paths, survival strategies.
The International Social Science Summer School in Ukraine takes places in a different city of Ukraine every year. Previous schools have been held in Uman (2009), Dnipropetrovsk (2010), Ostroh (2011) and Zhytomyr (2012). The 2013 Summer School will be hosted by the Petro Mohyla Black Sea State University in Mykolaiv, Southern Ukraine.